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    On 7 February 1816, Thomas J. Hardeman bought a negro in Maury County, Tennessee. Thomas J. Hardeman lived in Williamson County, Tennessee, in 1820.552
    Hardeman County, Tennessee, was formed in 1823. It was named for Thomas Jones Hardeman. He helped to settle and organize the county. He was clerk of Hardeman County, from 1823 to 1833. Hardeman County, Texas, was formed in 1858. It was named for Bailey Hardeman and Thomas Jones Hardeman.
    Thomas J. Hardeman moved to Texas in the fall of 1835 with his brothers, Blackstone and Bailey Hardeman. Thomas served in the congress of the Republic of Texas from Matagorda County, from 1837 to 1839. He served two terms in the state legislature from Bastrop and Travis Counties, from 1847 to 1851. During the 1840s he served both as associate and chief justice of Bastrop County, Texas. Thomas J. Hardeman paid taxes in Bastrop County, in 1839 and 1840.
    Thomas J. Hardeman, synopsis of Texas land grants: received Bounty Warrant 874 for 320 acres, 9 December 1837, for service from 18 April to 10 July 1837. 320 acres in Bastrop County were patented to A. J. Vogle, 6 January 1875. Patent 51, Volume 15, Abstract 203, General Land Office File, Bastrop Bounty 264.553
    Thomas J. Hardeman lived in Bastrop County, Texas, in 1850.554 Eliza Hardeman, Thomas’s widow, lived in Bastrop County, Texas, in 1860.555

    552 1820 U.S. Census, Williamson County, Tennessee, p. 150. Thomas J. Hardeman – males: 3 under 10; 1 26/45; females: 1 26/45. And, 13 slaves.
    553 Thomas Lloyd Miller, Bounty and Donation Land Grants of Texas 1835-1888 (Austin, University of Texas Press, 1968), p. 324.
    554 1850 U.S. Census, Bastrop County, Texas, p. 193, #352/372. Hardeman, Thomas J., age 62, $28,966, born Tenn.; Eliza, age 40, born Mo.; Sarah E., age 8, born Texas; Thomas J., age 3, born Texas; Laura, age 11/12, born Texas.
    555 1860 U.S. Census, Bastrop County, Texas, p. 275, P.O. Bastrop, #591/548. Eliza Hardman, age 49, born Mo.; Thomas J. Hardman, age 13, born Texas; Laura Hardman, age 11, born Texas.